How to Become a Scientist, Skills Required, Eligibility Criteria.
How to Become a Scientist: A scientist investigates the working of things both natural and man-made. A scientist formulates the hypothesis and then start working on it. He/ She observes and experiments to measures and confirm or also refute their hypothesis. The scientist usually works in a government setting, commercial or university. Th famous theologian Philosopher William Whewell coined the term Scientist. The article is about How to Become a Scientist. Also, check the details of Courses/ Career options After 12th.
How to Become a Scientist
A scientist’s job profile involves planning and conducting & analyzing various experiments to do the latest development. The latest development can be a life-saving medicine and consumer goods or even a new scientific theory. Also, check Biological Engineering as a Career Option.
Skills Required to become a Scientist
- A scientist required utmost dedication, attention and ability to do work tirelessly for hours. He/ She the must have the capacity to concentrate on work irrespective of unfavourable conditions and surroundings.
- The individuals must have the ability to work independently.
- The scientist should possess the great enthusiasm for their work.
- One must have computing skills, presentation skills, time management, team working skills.
How to Become a Scientist Education Qualification:
There are various courses to become a scientist. A person should choose the course of his/ her interest so that he/ she can work with full attention and interest. To become a scientist one must study hard. Candidates have to choose Medical and Non-Medical stream to become a scientist. Check the courses: Also, check the Top Engineering Colleges in India.
Bachelor Degree Courses:
B.Sc (Bachelor of Science):
Candidates must have cleared 10+2 or equivalent examination in the medical or non-medical stream from a recognized education board. Check Genetic Engineering As a Career Option.
Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech)
For B.Tech course candidates must have passed 10+2 or 3 years Diploma in Engineering.
Master Degree Courses
Master of Science (M.Sc)
Candidates must have passed Bachelor’s Degree in science stream from a recognized university.
Master of Technology (M.Tech)
For M.Tech candidates must have pursued either M.Sc in the relevant subject or B.Tech in relevant stream from a recognized university.
After master’s degree candidates can opt for research programs such as Master of Philosophy (M.Phil) and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD). The research program involves the deep study of particular subject or topic. Also, check the details of JNU CEEB (Combined Entrance Examination for Biotechnology).
How to Become a Scientist (Science Courses Admission Process)
In India, a candidate can start his/ her preparation to become a scientist as early as he/ she is in the high school. Candidates must have interest in the science subjects. After high school candidates are required to either choose non-medical or medical streams to become a scientist. 11th and 12th classes play the crucial role in a person’s life who want to become a scientist. The admission to top science and technology colleges either conducts the scorecard of national-level, state-level and university-level entrance exams (syllabus includes the topis form 11th and 12th classes) or give admission on the basis of marks of 12th examination. Some of the major entrance exams are as follows:
Top Science and Technology Institutes of India
- Indian Institute of Science;
- India Institute of Technology (IITs);
- National Institute of Technology (NITs);
- All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi;
- Pt Bhagwat Dayal Sharma University of Health Sciences, Rohtak;
- Department of Pharmaceuticals, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak; etc.
In the field of science and technology, the opportunities have been increasing day by day. The world is going through a changing phase. In this fast changing process, scientists are the most valuable people. Scientists are those people who can make this change enjoyable with their research work and development in the interest of common human being. A scientist has the opportunity to work at any place in the world. In India, the Government of India has established many research laboratories that provide good opportunities and job to a qualified scientist.
Some of the organization are as follows:
- Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO);
- Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR);
- Indian Association for Cultivation of Science (IACS);
- Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR);
- Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES);
- Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC);
- Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
A fresher can earn starting from 40,000 to 50,000 per month. With a relevant experience, candidates can earn up to 5 lac to 6 lac. In this field, the experience matters a lot. There is no maximum limit of salary for a versed scientist. Check How to Become A Doctor.
Books and Study Material
Some of the famous books written by the famous scientist of all time are as follows:
- A Brief History of Time by Stephen Hawking.
- Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica was written by Isaac Newton.
- The Elegant Universe is written by Brian Greene.
- The Pleasure of Finding Things Out written by Richard P. Feynman.
- The Universe in a Nutshell written by Stephen Hawking.
- Elements: A Visual Exploration written by Theodore Gray.
- The Greatest Show on Earth written by Richard Dawkins.
- The Origin of Species written by Charles Darwin.
Any science book is good to develop an interest in the science and technology field. It can be a 5th standard science book or a university science fellow’s research journal or a book written by a versed scientist.